Medical Radiation Technology
An accurate and comprehensive clinical history ensures patient safety and reduces unnecessary repeat examinations. Medical Radiation Technologists (MRTs) are encouraged to engage patients in conversation to fill in any gaps in the clinical information available. MRTs should speak with other members of the healthcare team to address any discrepancies with an imaging request.
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Doshi AM, et al. Impact of patient questionnaires on completeness of clinical information and identification of causes of pain during outpatient abdominopelvic CT interpretation. Abdom Radiol. 2017 Dec;vol42(12):2946-2950. PMID: 28647766.
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Proper patient preparation reduces the need for repeat procedures and is an important quality and safety consideration for both medical imaging and radiation therapy. A multidisciplinary approach to pre-procedural care emphasizes the importance of advanced planning to achieve the desired outcomes for the procedure and ensures that the procedures do not need to be cancelled or repeated. This includes necessary laboratory results, adherence to dietary requirements and administration of pre-procedure medications. It is the Medical Radiation Technologist’s (MRT) responsibility to ensure patients have completed all necessary pre-procedural instructions.
Canadian Association of Medical Radiation Technologists. Patient education. Best Practice Guidelines, CAMRT. [Internet]. Nov 2015. [Accessed 15 Jul 2021].
Canadian Association of Medical Radiation Technologists. Patient preparation. Best Practice Guidelines. CAMRT. [Internet]. Oct 2021. [Accessed 15 Jul 2021].
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Taslakian B, et al. Patient evaluation and preparation in vascular and interventional radiology: What every interventional radiologist should know (Part 2). Cardiovasc Intervent Radiol. 2016 Apr;vol39(4):489-499. PMID: 26606917.
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Many patients have difficulty tolerating medical imaging and radiation therapy procedures that often cause repeat examinations and/or poor-quality outcomes. Medical Radiation Technologists (MRTs) must communicate with patients, their families and other healthcare providers to ensure patients are physically, mentally and emotionally able to perform the procedure requested.
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Stopping patients from receiving unnecessary radiation dose is a primary consideration for Medical Radiation Technologists (MRTs). MRTs should use all available hardware, software, accessory devices, and patient instructions (pre and post procedure) to minimize dose to patients during medical imaging and radiation therapy planning and treatment alignment. All imaging should be performed using the As Low as Reasonably Achievable (ALARA) principle to optimize the appropriate dose for each clinical situation.
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Canadian Association of Medical Radiation Technologists. Discontinuing the Use of Gonadal and Fetal Shielding for Patients. May 2021 [Accessed 15 July 2021].
Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission. Regulatory Guide. Keeping Radiation Exposures and Doses As Low as Reasonably Achievable (ALARA). G-129, Revision 1. CNSC. [Internet]. Oct 2004. [Accessed 15 Jul 2021].
Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission. Regulatory Guide. Radiation Protection Regulations SOR/2000-203. CNSC. [Internet]. Amended Jan 2021. [Accessed 15 Jul 2021].
Image Wisely. Diagnostic Reference Levels, CT Diagnostic Reference Levels From the ACR CT Accreditation Program. Image Wisely. [Internet]. Nov 2010. [Accessed 15 Jul 2021].
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Health Canada. Safety Code 35: Safety Procedures for the Installation, Use and Control of X-ray Equipment in Large Medical Radiological Facilities. Government of Canada. [Internet]. Updated 14 Jan 2015. [Accessed 15 Jul 2021]. 2008.
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Rawat U, et al. ACR White Paper-Based Comprehensive Dose Reduction Initiative Is Associated With a Reversal of the Upward Trend in Radiation Dose for Chest CT. J Am Coll Radiol. 2015 Dec;vol12(12 Pt A):1251-1256. PMID: 26482816.
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All available central venous access lines should be assessed for compatibility with contrast injections before a new peripheral venous line is started. This prevents starting unnecessary lines which are uncomfortable for patients.
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Bujis SB, et al. Systematic review of the safety and efficacy of contrast injection via venous catheters for contrast-enhanced computed tomography. Eur J Radiol Open. 2017 Sept;vol4:118-122. PMID: 29034281.
Herts BR, et al. Power injection of contrast media using central venous catheters: feasibility, safety, and efficacy. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2001 Feb;vol176(2):447-453. PMID: 11159092.
Plumb AA, et al. The use of central venous catheters for intravenous contrast injection for CT examinations. Br J Radiol. 2011 Mar;vol84(999):197-203. PMID: 21325362.
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Wienbeck S, et al. Prospective study of access site complications of automated contract injection with peripheral venous access in MDCT. Am J Roentgenol. 2010 Oct;vol195(4):825-829. PMID: 20858804.