Using Antibiotics Wisely in Primary Care

It is estimated that over 90% of antibiotics are prescribed in the community. To help reduce unnecessary antibiotic use in primary care, Using Antibiotics Wisely has created resources and materials for clinicians to help them to ‘choose wisely’ in practice.

In partnership with the College of Family Physicians of Canada, the campaign has developed practice change recommendations, posters, and tools that support conversations about the harms of unnecessary antibiotic use.

Practice Change Recommendations for Respiratory Tract Infections (RTIs) in Primary Care Settings

Practice Change Recommendations

Download the PDF version of the Practice Change Recommendations to help you optimize your antibiotic prescribing.

Download Practice Change Recommendations

The Cold Standard: Second Edition

Many primary care clinics have increased the adoption of virtual care due to the inability of providing in-person assessment. As primary care providers adjust to these changes, emerging challenges exist in how to manage respiratory tract infections (RTIs) including when to test, when to prescribe antibiotics, and when to see a patient in-person.

In response to these challenges, the Using Antibiotics Wisely campaign has released the second edition of The Cold Standard toolkit to address the management of RTIs with considerations of COVID-19 and virtual care. This practical toolkit provides three clinical tools that can support both virtual and in-person management of RTIs this cold and flu season.

Clinician Tools - Posters for Waiting Rooms



The “Sorry” Poster is
available in:

The “Three Questions” Poster is available in:

Clinician Tools - Prescription Pads

Please click the below images to download and print a PDF version of the Viral Prescription Pad and Delayed Prescription.


The Delayed Prescription Pad is available in:

You can also integrate the Viral Prescription Pad and Delayed Prescription tools in your existing EMR. The e-forms and accompanying instructions were co-developed by OntarioMD and Choosing Wisely Canada in collaboration. For any questions related to these materials, please contact:

Files for Electronic Medical Records (EMR):

Patient Resources

Additional Resources

Public Health Ontario (PHO) has developed a number of resources that encourage antimicrobial stewardship. See PHO’s Let’s Talk series for infographics on bronchitis, ear infections, sinus infection, and sore throat.