Using Antibiotics Wisely in Primary Care

It is estimated that over 90% of antibiotics are prescribed in the community. To help reduce unnecessary antibiotic use in primary care, Using Antibiotics Wisely has created resources and materials for clinicians to help them to ‘choose wisely’ in practice.

In partnership with the College of Family Physicians of Canada, the campaign has developed practice change recommendations, posters, and tools that support conversations about the harms of unnecessary antibiotic use.

Practice Change Recommendations for Respiratory Tract Infections (RTIs) in Primary Care Settings

Practice Change Recommendations

Download the PDF version of the Practice Change Recommendations to help you optimize your antibiotic prescribing.

Download Practice Change Recommendations

New Toolkit - The Cold Standard

Up to 30-50% of antibiotics used for respiratory tract infections (RTIs) in primary care are avoidable. This toolkit provides relevant tools from the primary care antibiotics campaign and simple ways to incorporate antimicrobial stewardship into your work or practice.

Clinician Tools

Posters for Patient Waiting Rooms



The “Sorry” Poster is
available in:

The “Three Questions” Poster is available in:

Viral Prescription Pad and Delayed Prescription

Please click the below images to download and print a PDF version of the Viral Prescription Pad and Delayed Prescription.


The Delayed Prescription Pad is available in:

You can also integrate the Viral Prescription Pad and Delayed Prescription tools in your existing EMR. The e-forms and accompanying instructions were co-developed by OntarioMD and Choosing Wisely Canada in collaboration. For any questions related to these materials, please contact:

Files for Electronic Medical Records (EMR):

Additional Resources: 

Public Health Ontario (PHO) has developed a number of resources that encourage antimicrobial stewardship. See PHO’s Let’s Talk series for infographics on bronchitis, ear infections, sinus infection, and sore throat.

Patient Resources

Additional Resources