Trauma patients often require multiple imaging tests throughout the course of their care. Where possible, routine repetition of tests done in other institutions should be avoided. Repeat imaging of known injuries should only be undertaken if it is expected to impact the course of care.
American College of Surgeons Committee on Trauma. ACS TQIP Best Practice Guidelines in Imaging [Internet]. 2018.
Boukar KM, Moore L, Tardif PA, Soltana K, Yanchar N, Kortbeek J, Champion H, Clement J. Value of repeat CT for nonoperative management of patients with blunt liver and spleen injury: A systematic review. Eur J Trauma Emerg Surg. 2021. Published online Jan 23. PMID: 33484276.
Huber-Wagner S, Lefering R, Qvick LM, et al. Effect of whole-body CT during trauma resuscitation on survival: a retrospective, multicentre study. Lancet. 2009 Apr 25;373(9673):1455-61. PMID: 19321199.
It is imperative that practitioners respect the pre-injury wishes of the patient. Clarifying these wishes as soon as appropriate, either with the patient or their substitute decision maker, can avoid subjecting patients and their decision makers to aggressive interventions that may not align with their goals.
Downar J, et al. Nonbeneficial treatment Canada: definitions, causes, and potential solutions from the perspective of healthcare practitioners*. Crit Care Med. 2015 Feb;43(2):270-81. PMID: 25377017.
Opioid use is associated with significant risks to health, including both side effects and dependence-related concerns. While opioid analgesia may be required by some patients after injury, alternative therapies such as non-opioid pain medications should be considered first. If opioid analgesia is required, the lowest dose for the shortest period required is recommended.
Harvin JA, Albarado R, Truong VTT, Green C, Tyson JE, Pedroza C, Wade CE, Kao LS for the MAST Study Group. Multimodal analgesic strategies for trauma: A pragmatic randomized clinical trial. Journal of the American College of Surgeons. 2021 Mar;232(3):241-251.e3. PMID: 33486130.
Walser E, Makish A, Murphy PB, Hartford L, Allen L, Clarke C, Gray DG, Hilsden R, Parry N, Leslie K, Vogt KN. Standardization of opioid prescription after Trauma (STOP-Trauma): A prospective intervention to reduce excessive opioid prescription. 2020. Presented at the 79th annual meeting of the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma